Venous Insufficiency – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment In St. Louis

Venous insufficiency occurs when the veins in your body cannot efficiently send the blood back from your extremities to the heart. If you overlook this medical condition, several uncomfortable symptoms can result in serious complications. So, for venous insufficiency St. Louis visits MINT [Midwest Institute for Non-Surgical Therapy]. The institute offers specialization care in the Vascular, Vein, and Fibroid Centre. 


Various factors upset the normal functioning of your veins and their valves. Pressure is increased on the veins, which weakens their walls and valves over time. Some contributing factors are –

  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Pregnancy
  • Family history 
  • Previous deep vein thrombosis (DVT).


Patients may experience some discomfort including:

  1.    Swelling
  2.    Pain and Heaviness
  3.    Varicose Veins
  4.    Skin Changes
  5.    Ulcers


The doctor at St. Louis performs clinical evaluation and diagnostic tests. Diagnostic tests may include:

  1. Doppler Ultrasound:This non-invasive imaging technique evaluates blood flow and helps identify areas of reflux (backward flow) in the veins.
  2. Venous Duplex Scan:Combining ultrasound with Doppler technology, this test provides detailed images of the veins and their valves.
  3. Venography:A contrast dye is injected into the veins, and X-ray images are taken to visualize blood flow and any abnormalities.


The treatment approach for venous insufficiency aims to alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and improve overall venous circulation. Common treatment options include:

  1. Lifestyle Modifications:Encouraging physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding prolonged periods of sitting or standing can help improve venous circulation.
  2. Compression Therapy:Graduated compression stockings are often recommended to help support the veins and improve blood flow.
  3. Elevation:Elevating the legs whenever possible can reduce swelling and promote venous return.
  4. Medications:Over-the-counter pain relievers may alleviate discomfort; in some cases, medications that improve vein function and reduce inflammation may be prescribed.
  5. Minimally Invasive Procedures:Endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) can seal off or remove damaged veins, redirecting blood flow to healthier veins.
  6. Sclerotherapy:This involves injecting a solution into the affected veins, causing them to collapse and be reabsorbed by the body.
  7. Surgical Interventions:Vein ligation and stripping to remove damaged veins is surgically performed in severe cases.


Venous insufficiency is a prevalent condition that badly affects your life quality. By understanding the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options, you can take proactive steps to ease the discomfort and improve your overall well-being.

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